READING Borough Council has agreed a 4.99% Council Tax increase for next year. It follows repeated and unprecedented cuts in Government funding at a time of huge increases in demand for vital Council services, particularly in social care.
In February, Surrey County Council was forced to consider a 15% Council Tax rise to cover the costs of adult social care pressures. Most local authorities who provide social care services are expected to recommend a 4.99% Council Tax for 2017/18, which is the limit permitted by Government without a referendum.
Almost 70% of Reading Borough Council spending is on adult and children’s social care. That equates to 70p for every £1 spent by the Council.
Cuts to Council money have included:
- A cut in Government funding of £57.5 million since the start of this decade to just £10 million in 2017/18. It will fall below £2 million in 2019/20
- Reading has lost £185 per head of population since 2013/14. Wokingham has lost £115 and West Berkshire £129
- In 2012/13 the Council was allowed to spend 57 pence in every £1 of business rates collected in Reading to help fund local services. In 2017/18 it will be 25 pence in every £1, meaning 75% of locally collected business rates leave the town and go to Government
- In addition to the cuts to Council funding, schools’ funding is being cut by 1.5% per pupil by the Government. As a result Reading schools will lose almost £1 million over the next year.
Jo Lovelock, Reading Borough Council Leader, said:
“With no extra money forthcoming from Government and yet more cuts on the horizon, the responsibility for paying for the huge demands on adult and children’s social care has been firmly passed on to local tax payers by this Government.
“As the Government continues to cut funding for vital local services, changes this year mean it will now also take away 75% of local business rates. Next year alone £90 million of rates collected from local businesses will leave Reading and go to Government. This is on top of the £50 million it has removed from the Council since 2011.
“Given the circumstances, we have very little option but to recommend the 5% increase for next year to set a balanced budget – which unlike the Government or NHS Trusts – we have to by law.
“The Government this year gave local authorities permission to raise Council Tax by an extra 1%. In Reading that will raise just over £760,000. This is a drop in the ocean when set alongside the estimated direct cost of paying for adult social care services in Reading next year, which is £35 million.
“When Surrey County Council announce a referendum on a 15% council rise to pay for adult social care, and when Caversham Primary School is this week forced to write to every parent asking for donations to fill their own funding gap, the reality of the gross underfunding of local services by the Government is laid bare.”
Despite £70 million of savings agreed since 2010, latest estimates show the Council still faces a £44 million funding gap to 2019/20 because of Government cuts to funding at a time of increased demands on services.
The 4.99% Council Tax increase – which includes a 3% for Social Care – was agreed at a Full Council on Tuesday February 21st.
The full report can be found at www.reading.gov.uk/article/9644/Policy-Committee-13-FEB-2017
The report details that in order to set a balanced budget for 17/18, the Council needs to use one-off measures totalling £11.2 million. The funding gap to 2020 means major savings need to be identified in the early part of the financial year. That is in addition to other savings already identified and at an early stage of being implemented.
Speaking in December, following the publication of the Local Government Finance Settlement, LGA chairman Lord Porter said: “If councils stopped filling in potholes, maintaining parks and open spaces, closed all children’s centres, libraries, museums, leisure centres, turned off every street light and shut all discretionary bus routes they would not have saved enough money to plug this gap by the end of the decade.” He added that the Government should relax rules for councils on setting business rates in order to meet the shortfall.
Reading Borough Council has agreed £70 million of savings and income generation since 2010. Measures so far include:
- Making the difficult decision to close Arthur Hill Pool in east Reading ahead of seeking a partner to replace it with modern and less expensive-to-run facilities
- Introducing an annual charge for green bin collections and residents first parking permits from April 2017, which many other councils introduced years ago
- Reviewing high cost care packages for vulnerable people by promoting independence
- Cutting library hours
- Cutting Council funding to the town’s voluntary and community sector
- Making better use of technology, re-organising services so they are more efficient and making the best possible use of buildings
- Closing the expensive-to-run Civic Centre and moving into the refurbished and cheaper Civic Offices building
Notes for Editors:
Government & Grant Funding
In 2013/14 when the present revenue support grant was introduced the Council received £40.3m; that will be just £10.3m next year and will fall below £2m in 2019/10. Between 2010 & 2013 the Council reported Government funding cuts of £19.2m
Adult Social Care Funding
Earlier this week the Local Government Association (LGA) reiterated that there will be a £2.6bn gap nationally by 2020 between the amount of money social care services need and their budgets, with a major knock-on effect on NHS pressures and budgets. More information on the LGA ‘State of the Nation’ report can be found at www.local.gov.uk/home
Social care needs £1 billion in emergency funding to stave off a crisis, the Association of Directors of Adult Social Services warned this week. More information at www.adass.org.uk/home
Increased demands on Council Services in Reading:
Population: The latest Census in 2011 showed number of residents increased by 9% since 2001 to 159,200 people. The latest figure from ONS for 2015 is 161,739. The population is forecast to increase by a further 24% by 2050, to 193,056 residents. This growth, whilst welcomed, has an impact on Council services.
Caring for older people: There has been an increase in the over 65s (about 8%) population and people are living longer with long terms health conditions. The over 65 population is expected to rise steadily in Reading, with a notable rise in the over 85 population. By 2020, the Council predicts that 25% of people who pay for their own care are likely to have run out of funds and will therefore be eligible to have their care paid for by the Council.
Caring for vulnerable children: This year Reading Borough Council’s Children’s Services Team saw an 85% increase in referrals to social care year-on-year, and a 41% increase in social worker caseloads. The Council is currently caring for 251 looked after children.
Providing more school places: The Council has nearly completed a £61 million expansion programme aimed at creating more than 2,500 extra primary school places across the borough to cope with rising demand for school places.
Waste collections: The latest number of households in Reading is now over 70,000. The general rise in population across Reading means more refuse to collect and higher waste disposal costs for the Council.